The Madaba Map is a beautiful floor mosaic located in the Greek Orthodox Church of St George, Madaba, Jordan. It is thought to have been created in the 6th century most probably during the reign of Emperor Justinian (527-565 CE) and is one of the main sources for the localisation and verification of Biblical sites.
The mosaic Map of Madaba depicts Byzantine Palestine both west and east of the river Jordan and the Dead Sea as well as of lower Egypt. It is the oldest existing map of Palestine apart from the so called Peutinger Plates.The largest and most detailed element of the topographic depiction is the holy city of Jerusalem, at the centre of the map.
The mosaic also clearly shows a number of significant structures in the Old City of Jerusalem such as the Damascus Gate, the Lions' Gate, the Golden Gate, the Zion Gate, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the New Church of the Theotokos, the Tower of David and the Cardo Maximus.