Introduction

The Garden Tomb, also known as Gordon’s Calvary, is the historical site, which is located just outside of Jerusalem and is said to be the site of Jesus’ burial and resurrection. The tomb was unearthed in 1867 and has been maintained as a public place of worship since 1894 by the The Garden Tomb Association. It is thought of as an alternative to the traditional burial site enshrined at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and may be the actual site of Jesus’ burial in Jerusalem. It is subsequently greatly favoured by Protestants and Mormons as place of devotion and pilgrimage because it most fits the description of the tomb found in the New Testament.

The inside of the garden tomb is comprised of the areas in this diagram. 

This matches the New Testament description given in Matthew 27:60 that it was “hewn out of the rock and now in a natural cave”. As well as in Mark 16.5 that it had “burial chambers situated to the right of the entrance” and John 20.5 “there is a window to the tomb”.

The positioning of the site is clearly in keeping with what is said in the Bible. For example, Hebrews 13:12 describes Jesus’ burial site as ‘occurring outside city walls’ and the Garden Tomb is located outside city walls so there is clear continuity here.

So therefore it is in doubt whether this is the true burial site of Jesus, the weight of evidence at first glance appears as though it is in favour of it being so. In the following pages we will explore at greater depth in order to reach a final conclusion. For now we can note that the Garden Tomb is a place of worship for Christians for almost two centuries and has become an important discovery in the search for the historical Jesus. 

Sources

© 2016. All Images are the property of Dr. Carl Rasmussen unless otherwise noted. → HolyLandPhotos/HolyLandPhotos.org
http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/matpc.08783/
http://www.bibleplaces.com/gardentomb/
(http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-garden-tomb)
(http://www.gardentomb.com/)
http://www.wikipedia.com